8. Stepping Up
Because of the success of our program in Sections 1 to 7, we wanted to expand on it for you and give you some help on moving beyond the intermediate stage, in order to reach the next level.
That's why we've included this section to:
As a taster, here's what you'll see in our new 'Stepping Up' section:
We'll clarify for you those little areas that seem to always cause that bit of confusion like:
- Command Tense: We introduced this in 5.1.4. Useful Commands and basically, there's a special way of making commands in Spanish. As usual, it involves changing the ending so that it's very clear that you are telling someone to do something. There's a little bit of structure to bear in mind too and we'll clear it all up for you.
- Perfect Tense: Remember 4.4.3 Have/has done past? Well that's an example of the Perfect Tense (perfect because the task has been completed, rather than being ongoing). That's the way you talk about the past and stating what has happened, but what about 'should have', 'would have', 'will have' & 'had'? They all derive from the same 'haber' as 'have'/has' and also have some cool little constructs when it interacts with certain other verbs like deber, tener and poder.
- Subjunctive: This is the one that is almost always seen by English speakers as a completely alien concept. "We just don't do it in English" people seem to think and so they have trouble conceptualizing it. We actually do speak this way in English, it's just that Spanish has a much clearer (and stricter) usage of it.
- Some more cool tricks: Lots of more verb tricks (like 3.2 Helping Words) and lots of nouns to avoid being stopped in your tracks mid sentence when you don't know the word you need.
- Adjectives & Adverbs: More describing words to move beyond 'más grande', 'más frío', 'más fuerte', 'más this', 'más that' and generally adding a bit of color to your descriptions.
- Everyday Expressions: Some more info on those things that happen to be said in everyday life that are just not quite translatable or don't really match the English.